The Importance of Regional Kava Standards

For centuries, people have consumed kava for its relaxing and social effects and its cultural significance. It's crucial to understand that manufacturers don't create all kava products equally. Some may present potential health risks or cause difficulties with international trade if they don't align with specific quality standards.


Distinguishing Between Kava Varieties

One of the primary issues affecting kava quality is the variety of the plant. There are two main types of kava: Noble and Non-Noble. Consumers often recognize non-noble kava varieties as Tudei kava or Two-Day kava. These varieties contain higher levels of flavokavains, which are harmful and not fit for consumption as a drinking kava powder.

These compounds can lead to side effects such as nausea, drowsiness, and even liver damage. Although the kavalactone content in these kava roots is high, which makes these types attractive. The drawbacks associated with these kavas far outweigh any desirable effects.



Processing and Preparation of Kava

Another significant aspect of kava quality is the processing and preparation methods. We can classify kava products into three main categories: fresh, dried, and instant. Producers pound or grate freshly harvested roots to make fresh kava and then mix it with water. Each method offers advantages and drawbacks regarding convenience, shelf life, potency, and safety.

After drying, producers grind these roots into a fine powder and combine them with water. On the other hand, manufacturers process dried kava to develop instant kava in a soluble form. Once prepared, you can seamlessly blend this substance with water or incorporate it into other desired liquids. Each method comes with its pros and cons of convenience, shelf life, potency, and safety.


For detailed kava preparation instructions, refer to "How to make kava".


Regional Kava Standards and Regulations

To guarantee the safety and consistency of kava products, various countries and regions have established their kava standards and regulations. For instance, in 2020, the CA Commission sanctioned a regional standard for kava products. They specifically tailored this for use in the North America and South West Pacific region.

This standard mandates producers to make kava products exclusively from Noble varieties of the kava plant. It also prohibits the use of any additives or processing aids. The Tongan government introduced the Tongan Kava Quality Standard (TKQS) in 2018, emphasizing the export of high-quality kava products. The TKQS permits the use of three parts of the plant:

  • Roots (waka) 
  • Peeled rhizomes (lewena) 
  • Basal stump (kani)


It's essential to note that producers must remove stems, leaves, and peelings (bark) from the final product. Manufacturers should never incorporate these in the preparation and production of the kava drink.



Challenges in Implementing Kava Standards

The formulation of regional kava standards is crucial for a multitude of reasons. Primarily, such standards can shield the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances or contaminants. Furthermore, these standards can pave the way for fair trade. Ensuring that kava products meet the diverse needs of consumers and regulatory bodies in various markets.

Not only can these standards foster local economies. Providing kava farmers and processors the means to produce high-quality products for global markets. They can also bridge cultural and regional divides.

However, harmonizing these standards across countries and grounding them in robust scientific evidence. While respecting cultural diversity remains a formidable challenge. Effective and efficient implementation demands rigorous monitoring, testing, certification, and education.



Kava's Effects and Medical Uses

Our team at Art of Kava routinely posts the testing results for our kava batches. Through these tests, users can verify our compliance with the aforementioned kava standards. Kava produces relaxant effects. Commonly described as heavy kava, heady kava, and balanced kava.

Many individuals, especially those grappling with stress or generalized anxiety disorders, often turn to kava as a potential natural remedy. This information can guide consumers in choosing between different kava strains like MeloMelo (heavy) or Puariki (heady).




In summation, it's imperative that regional kava standards receive the respect and attention they deserve. They hold significant historical, cultural, and economic importance. Ensuring their integrity and effectiveness necessitates ongoing research and collaboration among all stakeholders in the kava industry.

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